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#253 Angela C. Walch: The Case for Treating Developers as Fiduciaries in Public Blockchains
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) The expectation has become widespread that blockchains will end up underpinning major societal infrastructures. The narrative in the blockchain space is that networks are decentralized and trustless and thus regulation should not apply to networks directly. Legal scholar Angela C. Walch has been questioning terms like decentralization and trustlessness and argues that blockchains shift the need for trust rather than remove it. Her controversial ideas include that key developers of open-source project should be treated as fiduciaries and held accountable for the consequences of their work. Angela Walch is a professor of law at St Mary University School of Law and a Research Fellow at the Center for Blockchain at UCL. She is a graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Law School and has been doing academic work on legal issues surrounding public blockchains since 2013. Topics discussed in this episode: - How she became interested in Bitcoin and issues around the narratives of decentralization and trustlessness - How her work has been received in the blockchain space - The problematic lack of a clear definition of terms like trustless, immutable and decentralized - Why blockchains should be looked at as trust-shifting, not trustless - The definition and role of fiduciaries in society - Why blockchain developers could be considered fiduciaries - The practical implications and difficulties of regulating blockchain developers as fiduciaries - How the SEC's stance on blockchains connects with the question of developers being fiduciaries - Her personal views on the value and promise of blockchain tech Links mentioned in this episode: - Angela Walch: https://angelawalch.com - Angela C. Walch - St. Mary's Law: https://law.stmarytx.edu/academics/faculty/angela-walch/ - Angela Walch – Medium: https://medium.com/@awalch - In Code(rs) We Trust: Software Developers as Fiduciaries in Public Blockchains: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3203198 - The Path of the Blockchain Lexicon (and the Law): https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Papers.cfm?abstract_id=2940335 - Open-Source Operational Risk: Should Public Blockchains Serve as Financial Market Infrastructures?: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2879239 - Coin-Operated Capitalism paper: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3215345 - Journal of Financial Technology: http://www.thejft.com/ - Introducing: The Journal of Financial Technology – Angela Walch – Medium: https://medium.com/@awalch/introducing-the-journal-of-financial-technology-65d233a3d5e2 Sponsors: - Toptal: Simplify your hiring process & access the best blockchain talent
 – Get a $1,000 credit on your first hire - http://toptal.com/epicenter - Azure: Deploy enterprise-ready consortium blockchain networks that scale in just a few clicks - http://aka.ms/epicenter This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/253 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/qvkiymH0i1U - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-253 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
18,510
#252 Ralph Merkle: Revolutionizing Democracy Using DAOs (rebroadcast)
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) Legendary scientist and cryptography pioneer Ralph Merkle joined us to discuss his recent paper on DAOs. Merkle examined how the voting mechanisms in today’s democracies are flawed and how a decentralized, transparent DAO making decisions using prediction markets could create more efficient democratic systems. Topics discussed in this episode: - Merkle proofs, Merkle Roots and his early forays into cryptography - Blockchains as living organisms - Why DAOs will be subject to a Darwinian evolutionary process - Why voting is flawed and we need new governance methods to save democracy - The concept of a DAO democracy - How prediction markets and futarchy would help govern a DAO democracy Links mentioned in this episode: - Ralph Merkle DAO Democracy Paper [PDF]: http://merkle.com/papers/DAOdemocracyDraft.pdf - Ralph Merkle's Homepage: http://www.merkle.com/ - Ralph Merkle's Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Merkle - Episode 98 with Robin Hanson on futarchy & prediction markets: https://epicenter.tv/episode/098/ - Tim Urban: Why Cryonics Makes Sense: https://waitbutwhy.com/2016/03/cryonics.html - Alcor - Life Extension Foundation: https://www.alcor.org/ Sponsors: - DutchX: The open, decentralized trading protocol for ERC20 tokens using the Dutch auction mechanism - https://epicenter.tv/dutchx This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/252 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/jPc46QaYvwM - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-252 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
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#251 Glen Weyl: Radical Markets – Uprooting Capitalism and Democracy for a Just Society
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) The rise of populism and increasing inequality have led to widespread questioning of democracy and capitalism. Glen Weyl, a political economist and Principal Researcher at Microsoft, along with legal scholar Eric Posner, published a book called 'Radical Markets'. Radical Markets explores how restructuring property rights and voting systems could lead to more efficient markets and a more just society. Glen joined us to discuss the book and why the blockchain space is a fertile testbed to explore these radical new ideas. Topics discussed in this episode: - Why blockchain is on a trajectory to exacerbate inequality and fail at improving the world - Why property should be seen as a monopolistic institution - How property rights create inefficient markets - The radical idea of transforming property rights via a Common Ownership Self-Assessed Tax (COST) - How the one-person-one-vote system contributed to the crisis of democracy - How quadratic voting works and leads to fairer outcomes - Whether or not buying of votes should be allowed in QV - His work with Vitalik and radical markets experiments in blockchain Links mentioned in this episode: - Radical Markets: http://radicalmarkets.com/ - Glen Weyl Website: http://glenweyl.com/ - Property is Only Another Name for Monopoly (2017): https://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=12668&context=journal_articles - On Radical Markets - Vitalik Buterin Book Review: https://vitalik.ca/general/2018/04/20/radical_markets.html - Liberation Through Radical Decentralization – Post by Vitalik & Glen: https://medium.com/@VitalikButerin/liberation-through-radical-decentralization-22fc4bedc2ac - This economist wants to abolish private property using blockchain | Wired: https://www.wired.co.uk/article/blockchain-private-property-vitalik-buterin-glen-weyl Sponsors: - Toptal: Simplify your hiring process & access the best blockchain talent
 – Get a $1,000 credit on your first hire - http://toptal.com/epicenter This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/251 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/WicmpkQkWDM - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-251 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
15,309
#250 Clement Lessage & Federico Ast: Kleros – Crowdsourced Arbitration for Blockchain Applications
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) Dispute resolution is the process by which contracting parties settle disagreements. Whether in the form of litigation, arbitration, or other means of mediation, every contract defines a dispute resolution mechanism and jurisdiction. It is the metaphorical Lady Justice, measuring the strength of each party's arguments, and reaching a decision based on evidence. Smart contracts are unique in this sense. Unlike traditional contracts, they are rigid and deterministic. Written in computer code, nuances in human language and vagueness of terms do not exist in this realm. There are no judges, no jury, just calculated execution. The DOA hack and other similar events have prompted observers of the space to express the need for smart contract dispute resolution. Some have suggested "exit switches" (https://epicenter.tv/episode/142/) that would allow for human intervention when edge cases appear. But could the arbitration process be integrated into the smart contract and on the blockchain? We're joined by, Federico Ast and Clement Lessage, respectively CEO and CTO of Kleros. This dispute resolution layer provides contracting parties with a fast and secure process for arbitration. The system is broken up into courts and sub-courts, each specializing in specific matters like e-commerce, insurance, and transport. In the event of a dispute, parties submit their case to Kleros, where a crowd of expert jurors analyses the evidence. When all votes are cast, the decision is enforced by the smart contract, which may unlock funds, or provide parties with additional time to fulfill the terms of the agreement. Clever incentive mechanisms reward jurors who vote with the crowd, making Kleros resistant to bribe attacks and collusion between jurors. Topics discussed in this episode: - Federico and Clement's respective backgrounds, including a crowd arbitration project called Jury. - The vision behind Kleros and the problem it addresses - The case for crowd-sourced jurors as a means to find the best judgment - The game theory and incentive mechanisms embedded in Kleros - Kleros' hierarchical system of courts and sub-courts - How jury selection works and who administers courts - The system's built-in governance mechanism and its purpose - The Kleros token, Pinkaion coin, and it's utility in the system - “Doge on Trial,” a clever experiment to find authentic doges - The current status of the project and roadmap Links mentioned in this episode: - Kleros Website: https://kleros.io - Kleros White Papper: https://kleros.io/assets/whitepaper.pdf - Doges on Trial: https://dogesontrial.dog - Why Decentralization Matters by Chris Dixon: https://medium.com/@cdixon/why-decentralization-matters-5e3f79f7638e Sponsors: This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/250 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/efzSmpac2pw - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-250 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
13,953
#249 Ryan Zurrer: Polychain – A Crypto Hedge Fund Success Story
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) We are joined by Ryan Zurrer, Principal and Venture partner, at Polychain capital. Polychain capital is a breakout crypto hedge fund with over $100 million in assets under management, and large investments in major crypto projects such as Dfinity, Polkadot, Filecoin and Vest. Ryan was the first person to join Olaf Carlson Wee in managing this fund. He built multiple companies in the wind energy industry prior to making a switch to the cryptocurrencies. In this episode, we go behind the scenes of the Polychain success story. We get details on what crypto hedge funds are, how Polychain got started, reasons for its breakout success, its approach to blockchain investments and the current challenges of running a crypto hedge fund. Ryan also walks us through Polychain's interest areas - Layer 1 blockchain protocols such as Filecoin, Dfinity and Polkadot; and financial derivative protocols. If you want to understand how some of the leading minds allocate capital at a large scale in the cryptocurrency industry, check out the episode. Topics discussed in this episode: - What is a crypto hedge fund? - Differences between a crypto hedge fund and a venture capital firm - The Polychain success story and how it played out - Polychain's approach to cryptocurrency investments and entrepreneurs - Polychain's major flagship investments - Filecoin, Dfinity and Polkadot - Polychain's perspective in the “frozen Parity ether” debate Links mentioned in this episode: - Polychain capital website: https://polychain.capital - Fortune article on Polychain: http://fortune.com/2018/06/26/polychain-capital-bitcoin/ - Previous Epicenter episode on Polychain with Olaf Carlson Wee: http://epicenter.tv/173 - Polychain's perspective on the “Parity frozen ether” controversy: https://medium.com/@rzurrer/evolution-dogma-a-proposed-path-towards-ether-fund-recovery-9810f213e8ee Sponsors: This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/249 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/OreFQNkRvhs - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-249 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
16,715
#248 Uri Klarman: Layer-0 Scaling with the Blockchain Distribution Network
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) Until now, proposals to improve blockchain scalability have addressed the problem in one of two ways. One seeks to increase efficiency by optimizing the blockchain or improving the consensus algorithm. The other comes in the forms of layer-2 solutions such as payment channels or side chains. However, none have addressed the core bottleneck to scalability: TCP/IP network limitations. Improving the speed at which blocks propagate through the network is the layer-0 problem few people consider when thinking about scaling. Fundamentally, network bottlenecks are what prevent blockchains from increasing their transaction throughput. Raising the block size or reducing the time between blocks has devastating effects on usability as the probability of a fork increases. At a certain point, the blockchain simply breaks as forks occur faster than blocks can propagate to all validators. Remarkably, the web figured out how to scale decades ago with the invention of Content Distributions Networks, or CDN. This is what enables platforms like YouTube to steam thousands of hours of video to hundreds of thousands of people every second. However, traditional centralized scaling solutions lack the privacy and censorship resistance necessary to serve the decentralized web. We're joined by Uri Klarman, CEO of bloXroute. Founded by a team of researchers and systems designers from Northwestern and Cornel University, including Emin Gün Sirer, bloXroute allows practically every blockchain network to “scale today.” As a scalability infrastructure service, their Blockchain Distribution Network, or BDN, sits underneath blockchain networks. Anyone operating a miner can use the BDN without any changes to their consensus algorithm or protocol. By simply pointing their software to a bloXroute node, miners immediately benefit from propagation speeds orders of magnitude higher than the time which is currently required for blocks to be seen by all validators. This global network of servers is optimized to receive and stream massive amounts of transaction data to vast networks of nodes and miners. While bloXroute relies on some level of centralization, it is provably neutral and cannot discriminate based on the contents, provenance or destination of a block. It also includes clever redundancy mechanisms which ensure availability in the event of an attack on the network. Topics discussed in this episode: - Uri's journey as an academic working in the field of networking - Defining the blockchain scalability problem as a networking problem - Past work and attempts to scale blockchains - The vision behind bloXroute and the problem it aims to solve - The Blockchain Distribution Network (BDN) and its technical architecture - How the BDN optimizes blocks and achieves 1,000x faster propagation times - How bloXroute archives provable neutrality and ensures network resiliency - The BLXR token and incentive mechanisms - The project's goals, milestones, and product roadmap Links mentioned in this episode: - bloXroute Website: https://bloxroute.com/ - bloXroute White Paper: https://bloxroute.com//wp-content/uploads/2018/03/bloXroute-whitepaper.pdf Sponsors: - Shapeshift: Buy and sell alt coins instantly and securely without a centralized exchange - http://epicenter.tv/shapeshift This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/248 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/WmzH8Lz7L1U - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-248 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
16,322
#247 Ryan Selkis: Messari - Bringing Transparency and Self-Regulation to the Blockchain Industry
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) Since he started blogging as Two Bit Idiot in 2013, Ryan Selkis has been both industry insider and industry critic. Consistently calling out excesses and abuses, but also maintaining his sights on the long-term potential. He recently founded Messari, a project that aims to bring more transparency and fairness to the industry. Messari has narrowed in on siloed, inaccurate and incomplete data as a key factor that allows insiders to profit at the expense of the public. We talked about the various ways in which Messari tackles that problem, ranging from a community-led effort to gather project data to the ambitious goal of a token-curated registry of stand-up projects. Topics discussed in this episode: - Ryan's start into the crypto industry as pseudonymous blogger Two Bit Idiot - His insights from being the Digital Currency Group's first employee - CoinDesk and the challenges of journalism in crypto - Why poor and inaccurate information benefits industry insiders at the expense of retail investors - Messari's mission to lead a self-regulatory effort for the crypto industry - How an open, distributed crypto data library could help create a fairer playing field - The plans for Messari's token-curated registry of projects following reporting standards - The economics and game theory around the Messari token and TCR Links mentioned in this episode: - Messari - Crypto News, Pricing, and Research: https://messari.io/ - Introducing Messari: An Open-Source EDGAR Database for Cryptoassets: https://medium.com/tbis-weekly-bits/introducing-messari-an-open-source-edgar-database-for-cryptoassets-46fec1b402f6 - Messari Whitepaper: https://messari.github.io/tcr/whitepaper.pdf - A token to self-regulate tokens. But really.: https://medium.com/@twobitidiot/a-token-to-self-regulate-tokens-but-really-a61da77e6a7b - Cryptoasset network value, market cap, rankings & metrics | OnChainFX: https://onchainfx.com/ - Ryan Selkis (@twobitidiot) | Twitter: https://twitter.com/twobitidiot - Messari Community Analyst Application: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1DxH-QgSn57BzGC_qAsIElF5UJGg_b10jplqbRs798fQ/viewform?edit_requested=true This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/247 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/x8zTE5I1kGU - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-247 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
16,012
#246 Guy Zyskind: Enigma – Providing Scalable Privacy-Preservation to Smart Contacts
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) Privacy and scalability are arguably the most challenging issues blockchains face. Scalable privacy-preserving state machines are inherently difficult. While cryptocurrencies like Zcash have proven trustworthy for simple transactions, privacy in smart contract platforms is an entirely different animal. We're joined by Guy Zyskind, CEO of Enigma, a platform for scalable decentralized apps which preserves privacy. The Enigma network treats Ethereum smart contracts as “secret contracts” and can perform computations on encrypted data. Inputs are broken into pieces and distributed to network nodes which perform computations on a segment of the full data. Once returned to the Ethreum chain, data is reassembled and may be decrypted to reveal the result. Leveraging secure multi-party computation and Trusted Execution Environments (TEE), Enigma prevents a malicious actor from gaining access to the input data and the computation results. Topics discussed in this episode: - Guy's background and secure computation research at MIT - The different approaches to privacy preservation in computing - The different multi-party computations methods and how they work - Fully Homomorphic Encryption in the context of MPC - How Enigma would preserve privacy for a simple application like tallying votes - How Enigma reads encrypted data from the Ethereum network and leverages Trusted Execution Environments to perform computations - How developers build smart contracts which use Enigma - The role of the Enigma token as an incentive mechanism - How Enigma ensures network availability by penalizing nodes which go offline - The current state of the project and upcoming milestones This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/246 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/ajAUByRZGWM - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-246 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
16,114
#245 Martin Becze: Primea – The Next-Generation Blockchain Operating System
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) Martin Becze is a researcher at Dfinity working on a next-generation “Blockchain Operating System” called Primea - a continuation of his work on the eWASM project from his time at the Ethereum Foundation. Primea is an actor based IPC layer intended for use with WebAssembly programs. Martin first learned about Ethereum in 2014 and was immediately drawn into the possibilities opened by having a contracting virtual machines on a blockchain. While the EVM was impressive, Martin saw the possibility for greater usability and efficiency by using the new WebAssembly standards being created, and so led a team at the Ethereum Foundation in the creation of a new blockchain virtual machine, called eWASM. We learn about Martin's experience on the eWASM project and how the limitations of backwards compatibility led him to begin writing a brand new execution environment from scratch, rethinking some of the core designs and mechanics of the EVM - this project became known as Primea. Martin explains many of the fundamental design shifts involved with the Primea platform, including his focus on using the actor-based model and object capabilities (and what these even mean!). He also lays out how the Primea platform fits into the larger design of the Dfinity blockchain. Topics discussed in this episode: - eWASM - Ethereum flavored WebAssembly (eWASM) Design. - Primea - an actor based IPC layer intended for use with WebAssembly programs. - Webassembly - Dfinity - blockchain-based cloud computing project. Its aim is to develop a decentralized internet computer that will become the cloud 3.0. Links mentioned in this episode: - Primea GitHub: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=%23&ved=2ahUKEwiVz5DIn7fcAhWNEnwKHTKhDoMQwqsBMAJ6BAgKEA8&usg=AOvVaw0VTJzWxrN8ZFOD4xbU2nov - Communication Semantics - Edcon talk: https://youtu.be/WFOMP0qtCGo - Primea Technical Deep Dive - EthCC talk: https://youtu.be/Su1XcxMltgw Sponsors: - Shapeshift: Buy and sell alt coins instantly and securely without a centralized exchange - http://epicenter.tv/shapeshift Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
16,974
#244 Anthony Lusardi: Ethereum Classic Cooperative – Accelerating the Growth of ETC
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) The 2016 Ethereum hard fork left us with two distinct Ethereum chains. While the main Ethereum chain dwarfs Etherem Classic in terms of market cap, ETC has sustained its position as a significant actor in the broader blockchain ecosystem. ETC's recent listing on Coinbase demonstrates its credibility as a significant industry player. We're joined by Anthony Lusardi, Director of the Ethereum Classic Cooperative, an organization who's goal is to promote the development of the Ethereum Classic Network. Similarly to other industry organizations, The Cooperative invests in core development of the ETC blockchain, community building, marketing, and brand awareness. Topics discussed in this episode: - Anthony's background and how he became involved in the crypto community - The Ethereum Classic Cooperative and the goals of the organization - What the ETC ecosystem looks like two years after the fork - The people and companies contributing to the project and building on the platform - The overlap and friction points with the broader Ethereum community - ETC's unique value proposition as a blockchain platform - SputnikVM as an alternative to the Ethereum Virtual Machine - The potential attack vectors on ETC, including 51% attacks - Why the ETC community stands behind Proof-of-Work - The Cooperative's plans to remain relevant and the project's development roadmap Links mentioned in this episode: - Ethereum Classic Cooperative Website: https://etccooperative.org - Ethereum Classic Website: https://ethereumclassic.org - Cost of a 51% Attack for Different Cryptocurrencies | Crypto51: https://www.crypto51.app - @eth_classic on Twitter: https://twitter.com/eth_classic This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/244 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/rA3jCNcPm3I - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-244 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
18,492
#243 Izaak Meckler & Evan Shapiro: Coda – A Succinct Blockchain
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) One of the key scalability challenges with public cryptocurrency blockchains is that their size grows linearly with the number of transactions. Mature blockchains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum contain >170GB and >1 TB of historical data respectively. New nodes joining these chains need to download this data and verify it in order to become a "full node". The number of full nodes is a key measure of decentralization, and difficulty becoming a full node translates into future centralization. In this episode, we are joined by the duo of Evan Shapiro and Izaak Meckler, CEO and CTO at O(1) Labs respectively. O(1) labs is a pioneering company that uses zkSNARK technology in order to construct a cryptocurrency blockchain, called Coda, that solves the blockchain size scalability bottleneck. New nodes joining the Coda network will be able to trustlessly boot up in under a minute by verifying cryptographic proofs that attest to the validity of the current chain. This technology has great potential to enable decentralization, and for one blockchain to be a light client of another blockchain. Topics discussed in this episode: - Scalability challenges of current cryptocurrencies - Background on O(1) labs and their mission statement - How Coda uses succinct computational integrity technology (zkSNARKs) to enable further decentralization of blockchains - Snarky - a domain specific language for zkSNARK computations - Current state of Coda and roadmap Links mentioned in this episode: - Coda protocol website: https://codaprotocol.com/ - Coda Whitepaper: https://codaprotocol.com/static/coda-whitepaper-05-10-2018-0.pdf - Presentation on Snarkly by Izzak Meckler: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYn6mTwJriw - zkSNARKs in a nutshell by Christian Reitweissner: https://blog.ethereum.org/2016/12/05/zksnarks-in-a-nutshell/ - zkSNARKs in a nutshell by Vitalik Buterin: https://medium.com/@VitalikButerin/quadratic-arithmetic-programs-from-zero-to-hero-f6d558cea649 - Coda presentation from ZCon: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qCVACpgQSjo Sponsors: - Shapeshift: Buy and sell alt coins instantly and securely without a centralized exchange - http://epicenter.tv/shapeshift This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/243 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/4AJKUGNwzZ0 - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-243 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
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#242 Neha Narula: MIT's Digital Currency Initiative - A Research-Driven Approach to Blockchain
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) When the Bitcoin Foundation fell apart and funding for Bitcoin core development was needed, the MIT founded the Digital Currency Initiative to step in. In the years since, the DCI has evolved into a vibrant center of cutting edge research on some of the most difficult challenges around blockchain technology. DCI Director Neha Narula joined us to discuss the DCI's position between academia and industry, their policy on conflicts of interest, and their most fascinating research topics. Topics discussed in this episode: - How her interest in distributed systems and scaling lead led her to the blockchain space - The mission and history of the MIT's Digital Currency Initiative - How cryptocurrency might evolve over time as an academic field - The DCI's project on digital fiat currency - How zkLedger could enable privacy-preserving auditing for distributed ledgers - Why sharding is unlikely to succeed in the short- and medium term - Why Neha is most optimistic about layer 2 approaches to scaling like lightning network - The story of discovering and writing about IOTA's vulnerability - How DCI handles conflicts of interest and strives for neutrality Links mentioned in this episode: - MIT Digital Currency Initiative: https://dci.mit.edu/ - Neha Narula Personal Website: http://nehanarula.org/ - What’s New at MIT’s Digital Currency Initiative: https://medium.com/mit-media-lab-digital-currency-initiative/whats-new-at-mit-s-digital-currency-initiative-9d53c39502d3 - The Importance of Layer 2: https://medium.com/mit-media-lab-digital-currency-initiative/the-importance-of-layer-2-105189f72102 - Cryptographic vulnerabilities in IOTA: https://medium.com/@neha/cryptographic-vulnerabilities-in-iota-9a6a9ddc4367 - zkLedger | the future of audit: https://dci.mit.edu/zkledger/ - zkLedger Whitepaper: https://static1.squarespace.com/static/59aae5e9a803bb10bedeb03e/t/5aa1b35ce4966bd538d3f1d2/1520546653653/zkledger.pdf - Neha Narula: The future of money | TED Talk: https://www.ted.com/talks/neha_narula_the_future_of_money This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/242 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/4cm8hr0oFDU - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-242 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
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#241 Eric Larchevêque: Ledger – How to Build an Industry-Leading Cryptocurrency Security Company
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) Before founding what is now one of the most successful companies in the cryptocurrency industry, Eric Larchevêque and his co-founder opened La Maison du Bitcoin, a Bitcoin education center and co-working space in the second district of Paris. It was through chance encounters in this space that Leger was born in the basement of 35 rue du Caire, where the company also operated a Bitcoin exchange desk and a handful of crypto miners. Eric Larchevêque, CEO of Ledger, joins us again since his last appearance as a guest 200 episodes ago. We discuss the meteoric rise of Ledger from a ten-person team to now nearly 150 people across three continents. This fascinating discussion is a master class in product development, scaling at lightning speed, and staying true to your vision when everyone is pushing you to change course. Topics discussed in this episode: - Eric's background and how he became involved in the Bitcoin space - La Maison du Bitcoin and the early days of Ledger in Paris - The meteoric growth of Ledger and how the company managed to scale without imploding - The appointment of Pascal Gautier as President how to hire the right people when scaling fast - Ledger's various funding rounds and lessons learned from working with corporate investors - The particularities of building products for the crypto community - Ledger's product lineup (Nano S, Blue, and Vault) and target clients - The upcoming release of the revamped wallet app - Ledger Vault as a security solution for institutional investors - Ledger's hardware technology and rock-solid approach to security Links mentioned in this episode: - Ledger Wallet Website: https://www.ledgerwallet.com - Ledger Corporate Website: https://www.ledger.fr - CoinHouse (formerly La Maison du Bitcoin): https://lamaisondubitcoin.fr - Announcing the new Ledger Wallet desktop and mobile applications: https://www.ledger.fr/2018/02/23/announcing-new-ledger-wallet-desktop-mobile-applications/ - Former CRITEO COO joins leading security player in Cryptocurrency space: https://www.ledger.fr/2017/09/21/former-criteo-coo-joins-leading-security-player-in-cryptocurrency-space/ - Ledger raises USD 75 million to secure cryptocurrency assets: https://www.ledger.fr/2018/01/18/ledger-raises-usd-75-million-secure-cryptocurrency-assets/ Sponsors: - Shapeshift: Buy and sell alt coins instantly and securely without a centralized exchange - http://epicenter.tv/shapeshift This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/241 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/8TK2OQcG5vE - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-241 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
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#240 Pamela Morgan: Cryptoasset Inheritance Planning
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) While many cryptocurrency holders have thought about how to secure their assets, how to pass on cryptoassets in case of one's death is rarely on people's mind. Lawyer Pamela Morgan has been helping people and organizations build solutions to safely store their cryptoassets and has recently turned her attention to inheritance planning. We discussed her new book “Cryptoasset Inheritance Planning” and how people can design a simple plan to give heirs a high chance of recovering assets in less than an hour. Topics discussed in this episode: - How an impassioned talk on Bitcoin by Andreas Antonopoulos started her crypto journey - Common misconceptions lawyers have about crypto - Her work through Empowered Law on educating lawyers - Third Key Solutions and building non-custodial key management solutions - The most frequent mistakes people make when it comes to protecting cryptoassets - How to do inheritance planning for cryptoassets - Differentiating between technical and legal aspects to inheritance planning Links mentioned in this episode: - Empowered Law – Law and Education to Empower the World: https://empoweredlaw.com/ - Third Key Solutions – Non-Custodial Key Management and Consulting Services: https://thirdkey.solutions/ - Cryptoasset Inheritance Planning Book: https://amazon.com/Cryptoasset-Inheritance-Planning-Simple-Owners/dp/1947910116?sa-no-redirect=1 - Inheritance Planning for Cryptocurrencies: 3 Steps in 3 Minutes: https://medium.com/@pamelawjd/inheritance-planning-for-cryptocurrencies-3-steps-in-3-minutes-83ebb3e916a2 - When Disaster Strikes: Developing a Recovery Plan for Bitcoin and Digital Tokens: https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/disaster-strikes-developing-recovery-plan-bitcoin-digital-tokens-1438642228/ - Pamela Morgan on Twitter: https://twitter.com/pamelawjd Sponsors: - DappCon: Conference for Ethereum DApps & Infrastructure – 
Berlin, July 19 & 20 - http://dappcon.io This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/240 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/GAxteKBdtdU - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-240 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
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#239 Grigore Rosu: The K framework - a framework to formally define all programming languages
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) In the past few years, we witnessed the development of multiple smart contract languages - Solidity, Viper, Michelson, Scilla etc. These languages need to enable developers to write correct, predictable behavior smart contract code. Each language development effort therefore ends up spending resources into building formal verification toolsets, compilers, debuggers and other developer tools. In this episode, we are joined by Grigore Rosu, Professor of computer science at UIUC [University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign] for a deep dive into the K framework. The K framework is mathematic logic and language that enables language developers to formally define all programming languages; such as C, Solidity and JavaScript. Once a language is formally specified in the K framework, the framework automatically outputs a range of formal verification toolsets, compilers, debuggers and other developer tools for it. Updates to the language can be made directly in K. This technology has massive implications for smart contract programming language development, and formal verification efforts in the blockchain space. We also cover his efforts to express the Ethereum virtual machine using the K framework, and to develop a new virtual machine technology, called IELE, specifically tailored to the blockchain space. Check out the episode to understand a game changing technology in the formal verification and smart contract safety space. Topics discussed in this episode: - Grigore's background with NASA and work on formally verified correct software - Motivations to develop K framework - Basic principles behind the operation of K framework - How K deals with undefined behavior / ambiguities in a language definition - The intersection of K framework and smart contract technology - Runtime Verification's collaboration with Cardano - KEVM and IELE, smart contract virtual machines developed by Runtime Verification - Broader implications of the K framework for the blockchain industry Links mentioned in this episode: - Defining the undefinedness of C - formalisation of C using the K framework: http://fsl.cs.illinois.edu/FSL/papers/2015/hathhorn-ellison-rosu-2015-pldi/hathhorn-ellison-rosu-2015-pldi-public.pdf - IELE - a new virtual machine for the blockchain: https://iohk.io/blog/iele-a-new-virtual-machine-for-the-blockchain - Runtime verification - Grigore's company: https://runtimeverification.com/team/ - K Semantics of the Ethereum Virtual Machine: https://github.com/kframework/evm-semantics - Short video on Grigore's partnership with Cardano: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iavSKtqjVNA - An overview of the K framework by Runtime Verification: https://runtimeverification.com/blog/k-framework-an-overview/ - A detailed technical overview of the K semantic framework: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567832610000160 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

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#238 Dr. Amrit Kumar & Dr. Ilya Sergey: Scilla – A Formal Verification Oriented Contract Language
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) With the rise of smart contract technology, we've become acutely aware of the need for smart contract code to accurately reflect the intentions of its author; and for the code to have certain (safe) behaviors in all circumstances. Creating the languages and software tools to enable ordinary developers to write safe contracts has become an intense research endeavor in the cryptocurrency space. Scilla is a Turing incomplete intermediate level language; inspired from the paradigms of functional programming and formal verification; that makes it easy for smart contract developers to automatically prove statements about smart contract behavior. For example, Scilla could allow a future multi-signature smart contract author to mathematically prove that funds in that contract would always be retrievable by certain addresses (and never get stuck like the Parity incident). The ability to mathematically prove such safety properties of the smart contract has the potential to be an enabling invention prior to widescale use of this technology. In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Amrit Kumar and Dr. Ilya Sergey to discuss Scilla, the smart contract language of the upcoming Zilliqa blockchain. In a previous episode, we've already covered the vision and technical approach of Zilliqa to solve the transaction scalability problem of permissionless blockchains. This episode focuses specifically on their smart contract language development efforts. Topics discussed in this episode: - Updated on Zilliqa's progress since our last episode - The technology of mechanised proofs - Dr. Ilya Serger's effort to mechanically prove safety properties of a blockchain consensus network - Aims of the Scilla language - Future capabilities enabled by the Scilla language - Developer experience and perspective using formal verification tools - How Scilla compares to Michelson, Tezos' approach to smart contract languages with a similar end goal - Current state of development of Scilla, and next milestones Links mentioned in this episode: - Our previous episode on the Zilliqa platform: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dppk6n9LHBk - Ilya Sergey's paper on mechanising blockchain consensus: http://ilyasergey.net/papers/toychain-accepted.pdf - Scilla whitepaper: https://arxiv.org/abs/1801.00687 - Michelson, Tezos platform's smart contract language: https://www.michelson-lang.com/ - Zilliqa blog for updates on platform development: https://blog.zilliqa.com/ - Coq, a formal proof management system: https://coq.inria.fr/ Sponsors: - Gnosis X: Build a revolutionary prediction market dApp on Gnosis & win up to 
$100,000 in GNO tokens - http://epicenter.tv/gnosisx This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/238 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/tPqnK2iNGZo - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-238 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
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#237 Matan Field: DAOstack – An Operating System for Collective Intelligence
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) As a society, we have organized as tribes, hierarchies, and markets to accomplish the most impressive of achievements. Human cooperation and collective organization are present at nearly every significant milestone in the history of human civilization. As we move towards an increasingly connected and automated society and economy, there will become a need for decentralized infrastructure which enables companies and markets to make fast decisions at scale. We're joined by Matan Field, CEO of DAOstack, a new platform that aims to become the operating system for collective intelligence. DAOstack is building a toolset to allow decentralized governance and building self-organizing collectives at scale. Topics discussed in this episode: - Matan's background and journey since founding Backfeed - What is a DAO and the necessary components to create a functional DAO - The role of DAOs in today's society and over the long-term - DAOstack as “WordPress for DAOs” - The different layers of DAOstack and their respective roles - Holographic Consensus and the governance model of the DAOstack Genesis DAO - The purpose of the GEN token and the idea of circular token economies - DAOstacks recent crowdsale and upcoming project roadmap Links mentioned in this episode: - DAOstack Website: https://daostack.io - DAOstack Introduction Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=25wtmzBG1Yg - DAOstack on Medium: https://medium.com/daostack - An Explanation of DAOstack in Fairly Simple Terms: https://medium.com/daostack/an-explanation-of-daostack-in-fairly-simple-terms-d0e034739c5a - Decentralized Governance Matters: https://medium.com/daostack/decentralized-governance-first-principles-1fc6eaa492ed - DAOstack White Paper: https://daostack.io/wp/DAOstack-White-Paper-en.pdf - Epicenter Episode 115 with Matan Field on Backfeed: http://epicenter.tv/115 Sponsors: - Shapeshift: Buy and sell alt coins instantly and securely without a centralized exchange - http://epicenter.tv/shapeshift This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/237 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/zbn_W9b24SM - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-237 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
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#236 Luis Cuende: Aragon - Decentralized Governance and the Fight for Freedom
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) Aragon Founder Luis Cuende joined us to discuss their work on building tools for decentralized governance. We covered the origins of his deep drive, why this is a crucial fight for humanity and the tools that Aragon has built. Topics discussed in this episode: - How Luis became an advisor to the European Commissionas as a 16-year old - Why freedom and technology became Luis' prime obsession - The origin story and vision of Aragon - The risk surveillance and authoritarianism pose to humanity - Why decentralized governance is the key to freedom - How to think about inequality and blockchain governance - Why on-chain governance makes more sense on application than protocol level - AragonOS and its different applications - The Aragon Network Token and potential role in a decentralized court system - The road to decentralizing Aragon organizationally Links mentioned in this episode: - Aragon Network: https://aragon.one/network/ - The Aragon Manifesto: https://blog.aragon.one/the-aragon-manifesto-4a21212eac03 - Decentralized organizations can solve the world’s worst problems: https://blog.aragon.one/decentralized-organizations-can-solve-the-worlds-worst-problems-840db6255d12 - Aragon - The fight for freedom Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=4&v=AqjIWmiAidw - Decentralizing Aragon’s development – Aragon: https://blog.aragon.one/decentralizing-aragons-development-5062fd6d135d - Decentralizing Aragon’s development II: Minimum Viable Foundation: https://blog.aragon.one/decentralizing-aragons-development-ii-minimum-viable-foundation-8ec1f9a13ebc - Decentralizing Aragon's development III: Onboarding new teams: https://blog.aragon.one/decentralizing-aragons-development-iii-onboarding-new-teams-32786cb805a5 Sponsors: - Gnosis X: Build a revolutionary prediction market dApp on Gnosis & win up to 
$100,000 in GNO tokens - http://epicenter.tv/gnosisx This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/236 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/f1gbRmb9Dyo - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-236 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
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#235 Changpeng Zhao: The Meteoric Rise of Crypto Exchange Binance
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) The rise of Binance is one of the most astonishing stories in the blockchain space. Within less than a year of its launch, Binance has become the most popular crypto exchange trading over $2bn per day. In the past quarter, Binance made profits of $200m, likely the fastest company ever to reach this success. Binance Founder and CEO Changpeng Zhao ("CZ") joined us to discuss why he started Binance and the extraordinary organization they built. We discussed the role of the Binance token, how their strong commitment to values helped build a loyal community, and how he sees the organization evolve in the future. Topics discussed in this episode: - CZ's journey in the blockchain space from blockchain.info, to OKCoin to founding Binance - The astonishing rise of Binance to $200m/quarter profits in <1 year - How Binance went from deciding to do an ICO to finishing it in 2 weeks - Why strong values are a key differentiator for Binance - How Binance built a vibrant and loyal community - The critical role of the Binance token in its success - The principles CZ uses to run an efficient distributed organization - How regulatory competition is rapidly improving the conditions to build crypto companies - Binance's plans to build a decentralized exchange Links mentioned in this episode: - Binance Website: https://www.binance.com/ - From Zero To Crypto Billionaire In Under A Year: Meet The Founder Of Binance: https://www.forbes.com/sites/pamelaambler/2018/02/07/changpeng-zhao-binance-exchange-crypto-cryptocurrency/#6dc89f421eee - The World's Biggest Crypto Exchange Is Heading to Malta: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-23/the-world-s-biggest-cryptocurrency-exchange-is-moving-to-malta - Binance CEO: The Future of Cryptocurrency - YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l8XNRTfPgZI - Binance Whitepaper: https://www.binance.com/resources/ico/Binance_WhitePaper_en.pdf - I Don't Like Big ICOs: https://steemit.com/binance/@czbinance/5mm9uo-i-don-t-like-big-icos - ICOs — Not Just “Good-to-Have,” But Necessary: https://medium.com/binanceexchange/icos-not-just-good-to-have-but-necessary-543916b7e76 Sponsors: - Shapeshift: Buy and sell alt coins instantly and securely without a centralized exchange - http://epicenter.tv/shapeshift This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/235 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/dEaxQneanIY - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-235 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
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#234 Charles Hoskinson: Cardano – A Third Generation Smart Contract Blockchain
Epicenter

Support the show, consider donating: BTC: 1CD83r9EzFinDNWwmRW4ssgCbhsM5bxXwg (https://epicenter.tv/tipbtc) BCC: 1M4dvWxjL5N9WniNtatKtxW7RcGV73TQTd (http://epicenter.tv/tipbch) ETH: 0x8cdb49ca5103Ce06717C4daBBFD4857183f50935 (https://epicenter.tv/tipeth) We are joined by Charles Hoskinson, who played an early role in developing Ethereum and BitShares, and is currently the CEO of IOHK. IOHK is an engineering company that undertakes cryptocurrency research, contributes development efforts to the Ethereum Classic ecosystem, and is spearheading the release of Cardano - a third generation blockchain protocol. IOHK has made the news recently after the publication of fundamental research papers on the Proofs of Proof of Work and the Ouroboros PoS algorithm, and its recruitment of highly rated academics. Topics discussed in this episode: - IOHK's role in the Ethereum Classic ecosystem, and how Ethereum Classic differs from Cardano - Cardano as a ""third generation blockchain"" and what this means - Governance system of Cardano and the challenges behind developing a decentralized governance system - Ouroboros PoS algorithm - why was it developed and what's special about it - Ouroboros Genesis: how full nodes can be bootstrapped without requiring checkpoints - Cardano's bet on K framework for smart contract execution Links mentioned in this episode: - IOHK analysis of the Dash governance system: https://iohk.io/research/papers/#NSJ554WR - Ouroboros Genesis intro by Prof Aggelos Kiayias: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCeK_4o-NCc - Ouroboros technical paper: https://eprint.iacr.org/2016/889.pdf - Ouroboros Praos technical paper: https://eprint.iacr.org/2017/573.pdf - Algorand: https://www.algorand.com/ - Proofs of Proof of Work: https://fc16.ifca.ai/bitcoin/papers/KLS16.pdf - K Framework formal analysis technical paper: http://fsl.cs.illinois.edu/FSL/papers/2017/rosu-2017-marktoberdorf/rosu-2017-marktoberdorf-public.pdf - K framework website: http://www.kframework.org/index.php/Main_Page Sponsors: - Gnosis X: Build a revolutionary prediction market dApp on Gnosis & win up to 
$100,000 in GNO tokens - http://epicenter.tv/gnosisx This episode is also available on : - Epicenter.tv: https://epicenter.tv/234 - YouTube: http://youtu.be/2DFYBb_zOpc - Souncloud: http://soundcloud.com/epicenterbitcoin/eb-234 Watch or listen, Epicenter is available wherever you get your podcasts. Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sébastien Couture & Meher Roy.

Technology
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